Modal split is the percentage of total transportation that is carried by each mode of transport. The main modes of transport are road, rail, air, and maritime. The modal split can vary depending on the type of goods being transported and the distance involved. In general, long-distance freight is carried by rail or maritime, while short-distance freight is carried by road. Passenger transport is typically a mix of road, rail, and air.
There are a number of factors that can influence the modal split, such as:
- and time.
In some cases, one mode may be significantly faster or cheaper than another, making it the preferred choice. For example, maritime transport is often the cheapest option for long-distance freight, but it can take weeks for goods to reach their destination. This makes it less suitable for time-sensitive shipments.
The modal split can also be affected by government policies. In many countries, there are restrictions on how much freight can be carried by road or rail. This is usually done in an effort to reduce congestion and pollution. As a result, companies may be forced to use other modes of transport, even if they are more expensive or less efficient.
The modal split can have a significant impact on the logistics of a company. It is important to choose the right mix of transportation modes in order to minimize cost and maximize efficiency.