Police Powers

The term “police power” is derived from the French word “pouvoir,” meaning “to be able” or “to have the ability.” Police power gives governmental authority to create and enforce laws and regulations in order to protect:

  • the public health,
  • safety,
  • and welfare.

In the United States, police power is constitutionally granted to the states by way of the 10th Amendment. This amendment states that powers not delegated to the federal government by the Constitution, nor prohibited to the states by it, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

With regard to logistics, police powers grant to state and local governments the authority to regulate truck weight, speed, length, and height. These regulations are designed to protect the safety of motorists and pedestrians, as well as to preserve the infrastructure of the roadways.

Police powers are an important part of the regulatory landscape in which logistics companies operate. Understanding these powers and how they are applied is essential for compliance with the law.

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Police power (United States constitutional law)

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